Avocado Grafted Fuerte (Delivery -Whatsapp Me)
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Pear shaped; small to medium or a little larger; skin slightly rough to touch, with many small yellow dots, thin, not adherent to flesh; flesh green near skin, 12 to 17% oil; seed small, tight. It is an early mid-season bearer, has an excellent flavour.
Avocados do best in soil with a clay content between 20 and 40%. If the claude content is below 20%, the soil has a limited water retention ability and unless optimum irrigation is applied, the trees will sometimes suffer from temporary drought. A high clay percentage makes irrigation difficult because over- irrigation and high raifall lead to oversaturation of the soil. This means water drains away relatively slowly, which promotes root rot. At a higher clay percentage the resistance of the soil to root penetration is great and this adversely affects tree growth. An advantage of a higher clay percentage is that more water is available for the trees, which means that the irrigation cycles can be extended in accordance with tensiometer readings. The clay content can be p to 40%, provided the subsoil is apedal. In such soils the trees should be planted on ridges.
Holes at least 0,6 m deep and wide are prepared well in advance with enriched soil formed into a mound. After the young plant is put into place mulch is beneficial, weeds should be controlled, and watering is necessary until the roots are well established. Keeping the upper soil moist has been greatly facilitated by drip irrigation, which also may carry 80% of the fertiliser requirement.
Avocado trees may not need irrigation during the winter rainy season, but watch for prolonged midwinter dry spells. Overirrigation can induce root rot which is the most common cause of avocado failure. To test to see if irrigation is necessary, dig a hole m deep and test the soil by squeezing. If it is moist (holds together), do not irigate; if it crumbles in the hand, it may be watered. Watch soil moisture carefully at the end of the irrigating
season. Never enter winter with wet soil. Avocados tolerate some salts, though they will show leaf tip burn and stunting of leaves. Deep irrigation will leach salt accumulation.
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